Are you suddenly losing a lot of hair?

How to recognise severe hair loss

Within the natural hair cycle, a loss of up to about 100 hairs per day is normal. If this level is significantly exceeded, we speak of hair loss.

Visible indications of this are a conspicuous amount of hair on the pillow or clothing, as well as in the comb, brush or sink after washing the hair. The hair may appear increasingly sparse or thin and lacking volume. Light or bald patches may appear on the scalp - in men initially most commonly in the form of "receding hairline" and/or a receding hairline on the forehead, in women more commonly by a widened hairline in the area of the middle parting.

Those affected also often write to us saying that they have suddenly lost their hair in clumps. The situation is also described as sudden hair loss, severe hair loss or extreme hair loss.

What causes increased hair loss?

The most common causes

Basically, hair growth is controlled by hormones and requires a healthy scalp. Only in this way can the hair follicles develop healthily for strong hair growth or, ideally, even form anew. The most common causes of hair loss include:

  • Hereditary factors (especially in men)
  • hormonal changes, e.g. menopause, childbirth, discontinuation of the "pill", thyroid hormone deficiency
  • Psychological stress
  • Autoimmune processes (immune reactions against the body's own proteins)
  • Infections (e.g. fungal infections of the scalp)
  • Deficiencies, e.g. lack of vitamins A and D, iron, zinc, proteins or essential fatty acids, especially due to an unbalanced diet
  • Physical stress (e.g. pressure or traction on the hair root).
  • Chemical stress on the hair roots, e.g. from medications, aggressive care products, radiation, alcohol, nicotine or drugs.

Have you suddenly experienced severe hair loss? Hair loss is often preceded by a so-called telogen effluvium: a hair naturally enters the resting or falling out phase (telogen phase) after two to six years, whereupon it increasingly loosens over a few months and then falls out.

However, in the case of attacked or undersupplied hair roots, this phase begins earlier, so that hair loss visibly increases. This condition is initially still reversible if the cause is removed promptly.

Types of hair loss

Select the description that most closely matches your situation.

Hereditary hair loss in men

Erblich bedingter Haarausfall Verlauf Mann / Hereditary hair loss progression man

  • Typical thinning of hair in the forehead area.
  • Progressive receding hairline.
  • Sometimes with balding.

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Hereditary hair loss in women

Erblich bedingter Haarausfall Verlauf Frau / Hereditary hair loss progression woman

  • Moderate progression.
  • Thinning of the hair in the crown area.
  • No balding but clear thinning of the hair.

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Circular hair loss

  • Circular bald patches form, which gradually spread.
  • In some cases, the entire head of hair is lost.

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Diffuse hair loss

  • Progressive thinning and thinning of the entire head of hair.

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Hair loss as a result of chemotherapy

  • Hair usually falls out completely around 3-5 weeks after the first chemotherapy treatment.
  • In milder cases, hair loss ideally remains moderate.

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Hair loss treatments

In the case of hereditary (androgenetic) hair loss, various drugs are used that usually reduce the effect or production of (dihydro-)testosterone.

Background: Hair roots often react hypersensitively to this testosterone derivative in cases of hereditary hair loss and then atrophy under its influence. Therefore, a reduction of the hormone can slow down hair loss and promote the growth of new hair.

In women with androgenetic hair loss, prescription antiandrogens are also used, which block the (dihydro)testosterone receptors. However, internal use should be weighed up against the possible side effects.

Externally applied active ingredients

Externally applied active ingredients have the advantage that they are applied directly at the site of action and therefore generally do not cause any systemic side effects (affecting the whole body).

These are usually active ingredients that have regenerative or circulation-promoting properties.

Caffeine, for example, is often used. Caffeine supports the growth of the hair root in the form of shampoos or tinctures. These care products are massaged into the scalp to stimulate blood circulation in the scalp and activate the hair follicles.

Thymus peptides represent another treatment option: based on numerous independent studies and application observations, more and more physicians are recommending their use without side effects.

Research has shown that thymus peptides, applied externally, have a regenerating and strengthening effect on the hair follicles. The cell supply at the hair root is improved, the formation of new hair cells is supported and the growth phase of the hair is significantly prolonged.

Thymus peptides, on the other hand, are organic compounds that the body also produces itself. They are absorbed by the hair follicles and strengthen them. This is a natural biological process that occurs naturally in most people at a young age.

It is only when the hormonal balance is upset, whether due to age or external influences such as stress, that the body can no longer supply the hair follicles with sufficient amounts on its own.

In this case, a preparation containing thymus peptides can be used to treat all types of hair loss. Thymus peptides thus represent an effective and side-effect-free alternative.

More about thymus peptides and hair loss

Other measures

A balanced diet with moderate consumption of stimulants provides the nutrients for a healthy skin metabolism. A daily, gentle brush massage (soft bristles) of the scalp should additionally stimulate the blood circulation of the hair roots.

Elaborate, but increasingly common: In addition to hair replacement, surgical hair transplantation - albeit purely symptomatic - is becoming increasingly common, usually involving transplantation of autologous hair follicles in many small units from more hairy regions of the head.

Personal advice

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